Canada Confesses

"Creating a safer, inclusive, and progressive Canada for ALL, one confession at a time."

Canada Confesses is a federally funded project serving as an anonymous platform to highlight acts of discrimination and prejudice in Canada. By creating a safe space for people to discuss their experiences in Canada and providing resources and tools to take action, Canada Confesses will increase awareness of the pressing issues marginalized populations face, decrease the stigma and promote change.

Want to be part of the #CanadaConfesses movement? Have your voice heard today! Submit a confession. Keep the conversation going in your communities and social media platforms. It's time for Canada to Confess.

Our Mission & Goals

Our Mission:

Canada Confesses is here to highlight several issues facing Canadian marginalized communities and bring public and government attention to them so that an open discourse can be made and solutions can be presented. Canada Confesses will increase awareness of issues marginalized populations face, decrease the stigma/gaslight associated with openly sharing, minimize collective public ignorance, and create a safe space for people to discuss their experiences.

Canada is often referred to as "a melting pot," "very diverse," "multicultural," which while true, unintendedly works to hide the issues marginalized and racialized (BIPOC) populations in Canada face daily. These issues often go unnoticed due to suppressive systems. When an event manages to disrupt collective consciousness for a bit, it's often met with surprise by the general public ("how could this happen here?") even though it happens here daily. Therefore, Canada Confesses will shed light on these issues by giving people a voice to air out all known acts of discrimination and prejudice in Canada. The outcome is that people can start a discourse on these issues, learn more or find support through resources, and bring government action.

Progress: Connected with over 10 organizations and gained support from 8 MLAs. Materials printed and shared by 4 MLAs.
Response from Premier Jason Kenney's representative & Miss Sarah Chan.

Our Goals:

Tackle & dismantle prejudiced beliefs, assumptions, attitudes, ideas, one confession at a time.Promote diversity and inclusion on various platforms.Amplify the voices of the historically muted.Empower & connect Canadians to be better allies and advocates of important issues that affect them and others by providing & sharing resources, tools, and information.Share helpful resources and further educational and volunteer opportunities.Create citizen and government action on issues before it is too late.


Submit a Confession

Canada Confesses is here to amplify the voices of those who have been historically muted. We invite marginalized Canadians to share their experiences with discrimination safely and anonymously so urgent conversations can begin and solutions + resources can be presented.

Examples of Confessions: Experiences of discrimination and prejudice in Canada that include (but not limited to) Racism, Xenophobia, Sexism, Heterosexism, Ableism, Ageism, Islamophobia, Classism, etc. More Examples.


Our resources are personally curated by our diverse team and are meant to be a starting point to finding support. We hope that you are able to find valuable information and tools that will be beneficial to you. If you need resources that aren't covered here, please contact us! If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, CALL 911. For non-emergency mental health support call either: Access 24/7 Crisis Line: 780-424-2424 or visit this website

Activism, Advocacy & Allyship

ActionableThey empower users to take action in their own way. The action Button enables you to act instantly on news that matters to you.
Canadian Equity ConsultingThey help recruit, hire, and advance women and other underrepresented or marginalized populations and build inclusive cultures where employees feel they belong.
Collective ActionTake action on pressing social justice issues.
Educate the Solutionary GenerationImagine a generation of solutionaries who have the knowledge, skills, and motivation to address and solve problems wherever they find them. They can help you educate this generation.
Finding Steady Ground7 behaviours you can use to strengthen yourself, so you can keep taking more and more powerful and strategic actions.
Fostering a Sense of Belonging in Times of Crisis and ChallengeAn Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion (EDI) Handbook for Individuals and Organizations During COVID-19
Guide to AllyshipAn open-source starter guide to help you become a more thoughtful and effective ally.
Harassment Training - HollabackA nonprofit working to end harassment — in all its forms. They believe that everyone deserves the resources to respond to, prevent, and intervene in instances of harassment. They provide both customized and free anti-harassment training experiences.
Legal LineFREE Legal Answers - Easy-to-understand.
PetitionsList of petitions in Canada.
Resources for OrganizersActivist tools on organizing + Resources on Privilege, Power, Race, Class, and Gender.
Show Up - Guide to Bystander InterventionWe all Play A Role in creating safe public space by supporting each other when we’re harassed. That’s what bystander intervention is all about.
The Action NetworkAction Network is an open platform that empowers individuals and groups to organize for progressive causes.
The Global Nonviolent Action DatabaseFree access to information about hundreds of cases of nonviolent action, from all continents and most countries, for learning and for citizen action.
The Equity EquationInformation about equity via hard facts and statistics to provide people with information and spread factual information while quelling misguided beliefs.
Walk a Mile in Her ShoesA virtual journey through the experiences (homelessness, domestic violence, refugee & non-status) of Nisa Homes’ residents.


Anti-Racism Daily NewsletterDaily actions to dismantle white supremacy.
Anti-Racism Classroom ResourcesClassroom strategies, handbooks, reference material, and background information.
Canadian Voices Against RacismA community of volunteers working to create a living database of police violence in Canada to petition lawmakers to dismantle institutionalized racism, colonialism, and white supremacy within Canada’s governance.
File a ReportThe Elimin8hate reporting centre collects data on incidents of racism, hate and violence experienced by the Asian diaspora in Canada. Data is used to develop strategies, design interventions, raise awareness, advocate for policies and improve outcomes for our communities.
Stand Against HatredAsian Americans Advancing Justice to document hate and to educate about the environment of hate around the country.
The Four BodiesA Holistic Toolkit for Coping With Racial Trauma.
Unlearn RacismA learning resource for children and educators.
You Need This Box - Subscription ServiceA subscription service to help you learn how to talk about racism, do better as a white person, and create lasting social impact.


Get Help NowAnti-bullying hotlines.
Kids Help Phone - Bullying The website for the Kids Help Phone provides extension information about bullying across childhood and adolescence. The site enables visitors to construct letters to give to adults to inform them about children’s problems with bullying.
Pink Shirt Day ResourcesAdditional resources on anti-bullying.

Apps & Media

Active Minds UAlberta AppBy creating a user profile, the app allows you to track and keep logs of your daily mood and follow other users, such as friends and other users.
Apps to record police brutality and misconduct.It's Your Right to Film the Police. These Apps Can Help. With smartphones, we the citizens have in our pockets the power to hold our government responsible.
Around the World in SDGs PodcastA podcast series by the Inter Council Network that explores the sustainable development goals through those on the ground researching, collaborating, creating solutions in meeting the goals.
Make the MonthPoverty impacts each of us, and each city across Canada, in a unique way. Many Canadians living in poverty face difficult decisions about things most of us take for granted. Challenge your perspective on poverty.
Liberate AppA safe space for the Black community to develop a daily meditation habit. The goal is to facilitate healing by "naming and offering resources for common cultural experiences, like internalized racism and micro-aggressions."
Project ImplicitProject Implicit is a non-profit organization and international collaboration between researchers. The goal of the organization is to educate the public about hidden biases and to provide a “virtual laboratory” for collecting data on the Internet.
The Doc Project with Acey RoweHigh-stakes storytelling at its most artful and human — radio documentary on the next level. Stories lived, stories told. Check out their latest episode on how WIBCA has a program just for white people: The Confronting Racism Discussion Group.

Asian Community

A Growing Resource List in Support of the AAPI CommunityResources, donation links, and reading recommendations.
Anti-Asian Violence ResourcesResources that have been gathered to help individuals educate others, take action, donate, and more.
Asian Canadian Therapist DirectoryA list of Asian Canadian Therapists
Asian Mental Health ProjectThey work to tackle the pervasive cultural stigma around mental health; each Wednesday, AMHP hosts a community virtual check-in to “unpack” and sometimes learn from mental health professionals.
Brown Girl TherapyThey offer a directory of mental health care professionals of colour and a newsletter of resources curated by a first-gen Indian American therapist-in-training for all children of immigrants to discuss mental health and wellness.
South Asian TherapistsThe largest South Asian mental health community in the world. Their directory has hundreds of South Asian therapists, including therapists of Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Sri Lankan, Afghani and Nepali heritage.
Resources for non-Black Asians on Anti-Blackness Contains academic literature, videos, online blogs, opinion articles, some Tumblr posts, etc…

BIPOC + Marginalized Communities

BIPOC Mental Health Database50+ resources on BIPOC Mental Health - websites, podcasts, apps, books, etc.
BIPOC Voices for ClimateA collection of artwork, resources and reflections exploring relationships between BIPOC youth and the environment in Amiskwaciy-Wâskahika.
BIWoC RisingAn empowerment project for women and non-binary people, who are facing intersectional discrimination. They promote social, professional and economic advancement through an intersectional community.
ColorismStories and works of individuals who have been impacted by the effects of skin tone-based discrimination in their lives, the different forms, aspects, and perspectives that makeup colourism.
Detester MagazineA youth-led platform dedicated to amplifying BIPOC youth activism and socio-political issues. They want to advocate issues that affect BIPOC communities, whether it concerns politics, society, culture, mental health, environment, and etc.
Healing PacketTools for women of colour to navigate systems of oppression. In this packet, you may find selected literature pieces from other women of colour along with herbal healing mechanisms, affirmations and much more.
The Loveland FoundationLoveland Foundation is committed to showing up for communities of color in unique and powerful ways, with a particular focus on Black women and girls.
POC Online ClassroomThrough resources, syllabi and zines, they hope to amplify the voices of marginalized communities, educate others and ourselves on critical social justice issues, empower marginalized peoples, and incite change.
We Need Diverse Books™WNDB strives to create a world in which all children can see themselves in the pages of a book. They've created programs to celebrate diverse books, to mentor diverse writers and illustrators, to support diverse publishing professionals, and to provide books to classrooms nationwide.

Black Community

Association of Black Psychologists Self-Care ToolkitThis 26-page tool kit, written in English and Spanish, contains information about how stress and trauma affect the body and mind, and self-care strategies for dealing with the effects of racism.
Black Emotional & Mental Health Collective (BEAM)This nonprofit collective is made up of advocates, artists, therapists, religious leaders, activists, psychologists, and others who are "committed to the emotional/mental health and healing of Black communities."
Black History Month LibraryA collection of free educational content, books, biographies, media, articles and other resourceful materials on celebrating Black History Month.
Black Physicians of CanadaEncouraging, empowering, supporting and amplifying Black physicians, physicians-in-training and the Black community in Canada.
Black Virtual Wellness DirectoryFind a Virtual Black therapist, doula, yoga teacher, mediator and much more.
Black Women Radicals DatabaseBWRD historizes and visualizes Black women’s radical political activism in Africa and in the African Diaspora in efforts to build academic, political, and community engagement, dialogue, knowledge production, research, and education about Black women’s significant legacies as socio-political agents of radical change.
Sunshine Behavioral HealthFree-low cost culturally competent mental health providers. Links to non-profit hotlines. Racism & mental health problems.
Preventing and countering racial profiling of people of African descentAn overview of the racial profiling experienced by people of African descent, the applicable international legal framework, actions taken by international human rights mechanisms and documented examples of good practices for addressing racial profiling.
Therapy for Black Girls' DirectoryA listing of mental health professionals across the country who provide high-quality, culturally competent services to Black women and girls.
The Black Outreach CollectiveA Black Youth-led Organization missioning to Outreach, Educate & Enhance Black lives 18-35 via Digital workshops, content & events.

Crisis & Emergency

24/7 Distress LineThe Distress Line provides confidential, non-judgmental and short-term crisis intervention, emotional support and resources to people in crisis or distress. We also support family, friends and caregivers of people in crisis.
The Canada Suicide Prevention ServiceIf you’re thinking about suicide, are worried about a friend or loved one, the Canada Suicide Prevention Service is available 24/7 for voice and 4pm to 12am ET for text.
International Suicide HotlinesInternational Suicide Hotlines + Resources
Family Information LineIf you are in immediate distress, they can offer support and immediate relief of distress. They can help you find Emergency Child Care, or introduce you to Support Our Troops for emergency financial assistance, a duty Padre, police or medical services.

Donate / Fundraise

Canada HelpsCanada’s best destination for donating and fundraising online. Free all-in-one solution for all your giving needs.

Human Trafficking

Ally Global As a Canadian charity, they work alongside and support fellow Canadian non-profits and agencies to prevent human trafficking, raise awareness and provide aftercare for survivors locally.
Canadian Human Trafficking Hotline The Canadian Human Trafficking Hotline is a confidential, multilingual service, operating 24/7 to connect victims and survivors with social services, law enforcement, and emergency services, and receive tips from the public.
Cease Now CEASE builds bridges over income instability and creates pathways out of exploitation. They provide tools for persons who have experienced sexual exploitation or sex-trafficking to heal and renew their lives.
Hope Restored A charitable organization guided and led by compassionate people who care deeply about the restoration and empowerment of all people, especially those who have been impacted by sexual exploitation and trafficking.
Hope for Justice They exist to bring an end to modern slavery by preventing exploitation, rescuing victims, restoring lives and reforming society.
Human Trafficking Awareness in Canada Video This project was created on behalf of On-Site Placement (OSP) Diversity and Inclusion Training, in Edmonton Alberta, Canada.

Immigrants & Refugees

Nisa Homes A non-government, not-for-profit charitable organisation that provides a safe haven and support services to women, children and families who are experiencing homelessness and/or domestic and family violence, poverty or seeking asylum.
Resources for Immigrants, Parents and Educators during COVID-19 CrisisThe ILC Public Education Institute has compiled resources for immigrants, refugees, parents and educators. These include health, finance, legal and employment services, resources for combating discrimination, and immigration-related lesson plans and activities for homeschooling and distance learning.

Indigenous Community

Indigenous peoplesFind Government of Canada programs and services for First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Learn more about Indigenous peoples and communities.
Indigenous ally toolkitAn 8-page guide to Indigenous allyship.
We R NativeA comprehensive health resource for Native youth, by Native youth, providing content and stories about the topics that matter most to them. They strive to promote holistic health and positive growth in our local communities and nation at large.


LGBTQ2S+ Specific Resources and Referrals (Edmonton-Based)30+ LGBTQ2S1+ Resources in and around YEG.
TrevorSpaceTrevorSpace is an affirming international community for LGBTQ young people ages 13-24.
QPoC Therapist Directory A safe space to explore sexual orientation and gender identity alongside issues with oppression and trauma.
Responding to Sexism, Homophobia and TransphobiaTips for Parents and Educators of Younger Children

Mental Health

Befrienders WorldwideBefrienders Worldwide centres provide an open space for those in distress to talk and be heard. This is via telephone helplines, SMS messaging, face to face, internet chat, outreach and local partnerships.
CAMH Free CoursesFree online education aimed at building awareness and knowledge of mental health challenges and at reducing stigma.
Centre for Suicide PreventionMany different types of resources on suicide prevention and mental health, from infographics to in-depth editorial articles.
Equity in Mental Health FrameworkThe Equity in Mental Health Framework provides colleges and universities with ten recommendations and implementation strategies to help inform and strengthen their mental health support and programs for students of color.
Gen Z and Mental HealthThis issue of Justice For Society Magazine takes a deeper look into these terms and explores these concepts thoroughly by taking a look at what youth mental health, accessibility to mental health care, and the maintenance of a healthy mindset in this day and age truly means.
Global Mental Health Resources Mental Health Resources for wherever you are in the world.
Interactive Resource PortalAll iinformation on a mental health challenge you or others may be experiencing, as well as tangible resources you can access.
Mental Health First AidMental Health First Aid is the help provided to a person developing a mental health problem, experiencing the worsening of an existing mental health problem or in a mental health crisis.
World Mental Health Day Toolkit27 pages of definitions, global statistics, common signs and symptoms, community resources on how to help, and frequently asked questions about mental health.

Neurodivergence & Disabilities

Connect Society - Deafness Education, Advocacy and Family ServicesA nonprofit community agency providing individuals and families of deaf & hard of hearing people with resources to help them fully participate within families, relationships and the community.
Disability Visibility ProjectAn online project that amplifies stories of disabilities.
Invisible Disability ProjectAn educational project focused on “unseen” disabilities.
You Can't Ask ThatA documentary series that confronts prejudices and breaks down taboos in our society in an authentic and relatable way.

Seniors & Elderly

Programs & Services for SeniorsA variety of programs and services to help you ensure your later years are safe and secure.
Sage Seniors AssociationA community where all seniors are valued and have the opportunity to live according to their beliefs, abilities and aspirations.
Seniors’ Abuse HelplineThe Seniors Abuse Helpline provides confidential, non-judgmental and short-term crisis intervention, emotional support and resources to those who are experiencing or concerned about someone else experiencing seniors’ abuse.
The Shaama Centre for Seniors and WomenThe Shaama Centre is a dynamic community hub that offers a range of activities and services that enhance the quality of life for our seniors, women and their families especially those who are isolated because of social and physical barriers.

Sexual & Domestic Violence

Association of Alberta Sexual Assault ServicesWorking to provide leadership, coordination and collaboration of sexual assault services in Alberta, this group supports research and initiatives that help Albertans better understand sexual violence and efforts to prevent it within the broader community.
Human Resource Services Information and TrainingInformation about sexual violence in the workplace, as well as education and awareness on workplace sexual violence training for faculty and staff in a variety of modalities.
Nisa Homes A non-government, not-for-profit charitable organisation that provides a safe haven and support services to women, children and families who are experiencing homelessness and/or domestic and family violence, poverty or seeking asylum.
Resource Hub for Sexual and Domestic Violence against Women.A detailed resource guide on the issue and local resources.
Sexual Violence Information and ResourcesAlberta specific resources and information on sexual violence.

Volunteer Opportunities

Black Women United YEGCollective Work and Responsibility: “to build and maintain our community together and to make our brother’s and sister’s problems, our problems and to solve them together.” Volunteer!
Canadian Voices Against RacismGiving a voice to forgotten and unnamed individuals who were and continue to be targeted by the police.
Inclusive CanadaInclusive Canada aims to bring equality through understanding with an experienced educational approach, and equity through our calls-to-action and hands-on work within various communities.
LeadnowLeadnow envisions a just, sustainable, and equitable Canada, built and defended through the democratic power of an engaged public.
Nisa Homes A non-government, not-for-profit charitable organisation that provides a safe haven and support services to women, children and families who are experiencing homelessness and/or domestic and family violence, poverty or seeking asylum.
PlatformThey are always looking for volunteers and supporters to help them as they support diverse young women and gender-diverse youth.
North 99North99 is an organization working to build the largest progressive media network in Canada. We have big plans to expand. From video, podcasting and investigative writing, we want to create a progressive media that reflects the issues Canadians truly care about.
Volunteer CanadaVolunteer Canada is a registered charity, providing national leadership and expertise on volunteerism to increase the participation, quality and diversity of volunteer experiences.

Women Empowerment

Equality NowThey tackle the most difficult issues, challenge ingrained cultural assumptions and call out inequality. Social change often begins with legal change and so they the power of the law to create enduring equality for women and girls everywhere.
Girl UpGirl Up guides and champions girls along their journey from leader to changemaker with specialized programming on global gender issues and in organizing, advocacy, fundraising, and communication. Girl Up Canada
PlatformThey support diverse young women and gender-diverse youth.
Canadian Women's FoundationCanada’s public foundation for diverse women and girls. They focus on women and girls because they face distinct barriers that require distinct solutions and because gender equality improves economic and social conditions for everyone.
Feminist Killjoys Everyday experiences of being a feminist to re-think some key aspects of feminist theory.
Sisters' DialogueA pop-up initiative by sisters in the Muslim community to address issues affecting their community, and that of marginalised and vulnerable groups, with the aim to keep critical conversations going.
VoicesVoices is an art project for ALL women by Black women: they define womanhood as making solidarity. They are committed to the end of all gender harm or violence and to protecting and supporting all women.

Youth & Students

Apathy is Boring They create space for youth in decision-making roles. They support and encourage governments and institutions to do the same. They reach and activate unengaged youth. They recognize that systems of oppression affect youth’s ability to engage in democracy in different ways and don’t assume universal experiences.
How do I cope with the stress and anxiety of a pandemic? Managing the impact of COVID-19 with nine simple strategies.
On Canada Project Mobilizing Millennials and Gen Z to create equitable, evidence-informed change. They provide a platform for passionate young Canadians to take ownership of issues impacting themselves and the communities that they care about.
Online Social Connection Resources 12 pages of resources catered towards students and staff of Albertan universities.
RISE An initiative under Canada Service Corps, RISE helps young people co-create community projects and contribute to strengthening our civic and democratic fabric by engaging on topics that interest them.
Terra Centre Terra Centre is a non-profit organization helping pregnant and parenting teens develop the self-reliance and skills to be successful parents.
UASU CaresUASU Cares is an interactive wellness resource designed to connect you with the services you need, at any point in your university career.
Youth Empowerment and Support Services (YESS) Based in Edmonton, Youth Empowerment and Support Services (YESS) provides immediate and low-barrier overnight and day shelter, temporary supportive housing, and individualized wrap-around support for young people aged 15–24.
Youth Friendly Youth Friendly, a consulting program under Apathy is Boring, collaborates with partners to drive social innovation by strategically and intentionally integrating diverse youth perspectives in their work and practices.
Youth Justice Learn about the youth justice system and learn how the Government of Canada is working to ensure its fairness and effectiveness, and working to prevent youth crime.


Are you a person or organization in Canada involved with social justice, activism, or advocacy work in any sector?
We would love to be affiliated with you either as promotional partners or as a valuable resource/connection for our project!
Contact us at to be in touch!
Please put “Affiliation” in the subject line and someone from the admin team will be in contact with you. We look forward to hearing from you!

Contact Us

Please reach out to us if you have questions, inquiries, feedback or just to chat! If contacting for an affiliation, please put “Affiliation” in the subject line and someone from the admin team will be in contact with you. We look forward to hearing from you!
You can follow us on our social media to stay updated on work and connect with us as well!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

If you have a question that isn't here, please contact us!


Will my identity be protected on public posts?
Yes, all posts submitted will not include any personal information such as name, place of work/education, or address.

What if I accidentally send a post and wish to take it down?
We have a “Retract A Confession” option on our website! When you submit a confession you must create a 6-alphanumeric code that will be used to access your confession in the future.

Will the analytics be published?
The analytics are used internally for research purposes.

Confession Submissions

How many confessions may I submit?
You can submit an unlimited number of confessions, however, remember to keep track of your personalized codes.

What kinds of confessions may I submit?
Canada Confesses aims to expose issues related to discrimination in Canada. This is not limited to xenophobia, workplace bullying, ageism, ableism, and sexism.

Do I have to be over the age of majority to submit a confession?
We accept confessions from individuals under the age of majority however please obtain parent or guardian permission if you are under 13 years old.


How can I collaborate with Canada Confesses?
Visit our website and send us an email to Please put “Affiliation” in the subject line and someone from the admin team will be in contact with you.

Are the promotions/affiliations paid?
The promotions/affiliations are free and based on good merit unless indicated otherwise.

Who can collaborate with Canada Confesses?
Our organization strives to promote diversity and inclusion in Canada. If your organization promotes the same values, we would love to collaborate with you.

Voices of Canada

What is Voices of Canada?
Voices of Canada is a public blog where you can submit art, short stories, or essays about your experiences in Canada!

Is Voices of Canada also an anonymous platform?
You have an opportunity to sign your name on your published work or leave it signed anonymously?

When will Voices of Canada launch?
Coming Soon!

Voices of Canada

Voices of Canada will feature a blog and gallery where marginalized Canadians can send in articles, essays, poems, stories, artwork, illustrations and other creative mediums to express themselves and their journey to empowerment.

A-Z Activism Vocabulary

Not everyone is familiar with some terms used in the social justice sector and activism work so, in this section, those terms frequently used by Canada Confesses and much more are defined. Links to sources and further information for learning are also provided. The A-Z Activism Vocabulary is here to keep you informed and educated on everything activism & social justice-related. If you would like to add a term to this list, please contact us!


  • Ableism - Discrimination in favour of the able-bodied.

  • Activism - Activism is working or campaigning for political or social change. There are many different kinds of activism — advocating for environmental regulations is one type of activism, and marching in the streets to protest the closing of your town's library is another kind.

  • Ageism - discrimination against middle-aged and elderly people.

  • Ally - A person who is a member of an advantaged social group who takes a stand against oppression works to eliminate oppressive attitudes and beliefs in themselves and their communities and works to interrogate and understand their privilege. Ally(ship) is a verb to describe the actions taken by a person in a privileged position who supports and seeks to uplift those who are less privileged than them. While many people may think of or use the term “ally” as a noun, it is in fact a constant decision-making process undertaken by people in privileged positions to act in a way that is representative of their allyship with racialized and marginalized peoples.


  • BIPOC - Black, Indigenous, People of Color. People are using the term to acknowledge that not all people of colour face equal levels of injustice. They say BIPOC is significant in recognizing that Black and Indigenous people are severely impacted by systemic racial injustices.

  • Bullying - Bullying is an ongoing and deliberate misuse of power in relationships through repeated verbal, physical and/or social behaviour that intends to cause physical, social and/or psychological harm. It can involve an individual or a group misusing their power, or perceived power, over one or more persons who feel unable to stop it from happening.


  • Classism - The systemic oppression of the lower class and middle class to the advantage of the upper class.

  • Confession - A confession is an admission of guilt, fault, or a mistake. Canada Confesses implies that Canada has a dark underbelly that needs to be exposed so accountability, restorative justice, and action can occur.


  • Discrimination - Unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice.

  • Discourse - A mode of organizing knowledge, ideas, or experience that is rooted in language and its concrete contexts (such as history or institutions). Verbal interchange of ideas.

  • Diversity - In North America, the word “diversity” is strongly associated with racial diversity. However, that is just one dimension of human reality. We also differ in gender, language, manners and culture, social roles, sexual orientation, education, skills, income, and countless other domains.


  • Equality - The state of being equal. It's one of the ideals of a democratic society, and so the fight to attain different kinds of equality, like racial equality, gender equality, or equality of opportunity between rich and poor, is often associated with progress toward that ideal of everyone being truly equal.

  • Equity - Equity is a solution for addressing imbalanced social systems. Equity recognizes that each person has different circumstances and allocates the exact resources and opportunities needed to reach an equal outcome.


  • Feminism - Feminism is a movement that advocates equal rights and opportunities for women.

  • Freedom - Freedom is the state of being entirely free. Many governments claim to guarantee freedom, but often people do not, in fact, have the absolute freedom to act or speak without restraint.


  • Government - Your government is the system of people, laws, and officials that define and control the country that you live in.


  • Homeless - If you're homeless, you don't have any place to live — you might be without a roof over your head, or even without a country to call your own. Refugees living in temporary camps because of civil war are homeless. There are different types of homelessness.

  • Heterosexism - Heterosexism is a system of attitudes, bias, and discrimination in favour of opposite-sex sexuality and relationships. It can include the presumption that other people are heterosexual or that opposite-sex attractions and relationships are the only norm and therefore superior.


  • Inclusion - The practice or policy of providing equal access to opportunities and resources for people who might otherwise be excluded or marginalized, such as those who have physical or mental disabilities and members of other marginalized groups.

  • Indigenous - Indigenous Canadians (also known as Aboriginal Canadians or First Peoples) are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of Canada. They comprise the First Nations, Inuit and Métis.

  • Intersectionality - Intersectionality is an analytical framework for understanding how aspects of a person's social and political identities combine to create different modes of discrimination and privilege. Intersectionality identifies multiple factors of advantage and disadvantage.

  • Islamophobia - An irrational fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against Islam or people who practice Islam.


  • Justice - Justice, in its broadest sense, is the principle that people receive that which they deserve, with the interpretation of what then constitutes "deserving" being impacted upon by numerous fields, with many differing viewpoints and perspectives, including the concepts of moral correctness based on ethics, rationality, law, religion, equity and fairness.


  • LGBTQ2S+ - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer or Questioning and Two-Spirit. Although all of the different identities within “LGBT” are often lumped together, there are specific needs and concerns related to each individual identity. Here is a toolkit for more LGBTQ2S+ related terms.


  • Marginalized - Marginalized populations are groups and communities that experience discrimination and exclusion (social, political and economic) because of unequal power relationships across economic, political, social and cultural dimensions. When you push people to the edge of society by not allowing them a place within it, you marginalize them.

  • Microagressions - . Racial microaggressions are brief and commonplace daily verbal, behavioural, or environmental indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, which communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative racial slights and insults toward people of colour.


  • NGO - Organizations that are independent of government involvement. NGOs are a subgroup of organizations founded by citizens, which include clubs and associations that provide services to their members and others.

  • Neurodivergent -Neurodiversity is a viewpoint that brain differences are normal, rather than deficits. The idea of neurodiversity can have benefits for kids with learning and thinking differences. This concept can help reduce stigma around learning and thinking differences.


  • Oppression - Malicious or unjust treatment or exercise of power, often under the guise of governmental authority. Oppression refers to discrimination when the injustice does not target and may not directly afflict everyone in society but instead targets specific groups of people.


  • Prejudice - If you have a negative attitude towards someone based on race or ethnicity rather than personal experience, you might be accused of prejudice. A racial prejudice is a negative attitude towards a group of people based on race — not on direct knowledge or experience.

  • Privilege - The unearned and mostly unacknowledged societal advantage that a restricted group of people has over another group: white privilege based on skin color; male privilege; children of privilege.


  • Queerphobia - An umbrella term concerning fear and hatred of things not heterosexual and cisgender (homosexuality, bisexuality, pansexuality, transgenderism, asexuality, genderqueer). General animosity towards anything that does not meet a culture's heteronormative standards.


  • Racism - Racism is the belief that groups of humans possess different behavioural traits corresponding to physical appearance and can be divided based on the superiority of one race over another. It may also mean prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against other people because they are of a different race or ethnicity.

  • Racialization - The ongoing process by which we all are shaped by racial grouping or “racialized” by structural policies/practices, institutional/organizational cultures, and interpersonal interactions.


  • Sexism - Sexism means discrimination against people because of their sex.

  • Sexual Harrasment - Uninvited and unwelcome verbal or physical behaviour of a sexual nature especially by a person in authority toward a subordinate.

  • Social Justice - Social justice may be broadly understood as the fair and compassionate distribution of the fruits of economic growth. Social justice is the view that everyone deserves equal economic, political and social rights and opportunities.

  • Stereotype - A preconceived notion, especially about a group of people. Many stereotypes are rooted in prejudice.

  • Stigma - The disapproval of, or discrimination against, a person based on perceivable social characteristics that serve to distinguish them from other members of society. Social stigmas are commonly related to culture, gender, race, age, intelligence, and health.

  • Systemic Racism - Also known as Institutional racism, it is a form of racism that is embedded as a normal practice within society or an organization. It can lead to such issues as discrimination in criminal justice, employment, housing, health care, political power, and education, among other issues.

  • Womanism - Womanism is a social theory based on the history and everyday experiences of women of colour, especially black women.


  • Xenophobia - The fear or hatred of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange. It is an expression of the perceived conflict between an ingroup and an outgroup and may manifest in suspicion by one of the other's activities, a desire to eliminate their presence, and fear of losing national, ethnic or racial identity.


  • Zero Waste - Zero Waste is a set of principles focused on waste prevention that encourages the redesign of resource life cycles so that all products are reused. The goal is for no trash to be sent to landfills, incinerators or the ocean.